Medical image denoising using optimal thresholding of wavelet coefficients with selection of the best decomposition level and mother wavelet

Nasser Edinne Benhassine//orcid.org/0000-0002-0993-8041 , Abdelnour Boukaachehttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-7136-6494 and Djalil Boudjehemhttp://orcid.org/0000-0001-6245-7581

Published online on May, 11th, 2021

International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology




Medical images have become omnipresent in diagnosis and therapy. However, they can be affected by various types of noise that reduce image quality and make the final diagnostic decision difficult. The main objective of this research is to effectively remove the noise while preserving the important image characteristics. This paper proposes a novel approach for image denoising based on discrete wavelet transform (DWT) with the selection of the best decomposition level and mother wavelet. Then, the thresholding function is carried out in the detail coefficients. Optimal thresholding is done using new optimization techniques such as the crow search algorithm and social spider optimization techniques. Finally, the inverse of DWT is applied to reconstruct the denoised image. The proposed method is evaluated using peak signal to noise ratio, mean square error, and the structural similarity index measure. The experimental results show the efficiency of the optimization‐based denoising method over standard methods. Interesting results are obtained with all kinds of noise, and improvements about 30 dB can be reached with the Rician noise.


CSA, Denoising, Medical image, MSE, Optimization, PSNR, SSIM, SSO, Thresholding, Wavelet decomposition