A new CAD system for breast cancer classification using discrimination power analysis of wavelet’s coefficients and support vector machine
Volume 20, Issue 6, 1-14, Augest 2020
Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology
The Computer-Aided Diagnostic (CAD) system is an important tool that helps radiologists to provide a second opinion for the early detection of breast cancer and therefore, aids to reduce the mortality rates. In this work, we try to develop a new (CAD) system to classify mammograms into benign or malignant. The proposed system consists of three main steps. The preprocessing stage consists of noise filtering, elimination of unwanted objects and suppressing the pectoral muscle. The Seeded Region Growing (SRG) segmentation technique is applied in a triangular region that contains the pectoral muscle to localize it and extract the region of interest (ROI). The features extraction step is performed by applying the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) to each obtained ROI, and the most discriminating coefficients are selected using the discrimination power analysis (DPA) method. Finally, the classification is carried out by the support vector machine (SVM), artificial neural networks (ANN), random forest (RF) and Naive Bayes (NB) classifiers. The evaluation of the proposed system on the mini-MIAS database shows its effectiveness compared to other recently published CAD systems, and a classification accuracy of about 99.41% with the SVM classifier was obtained.
Computer-aided diagnostic, breast cancer, classification, mammogram, DWT, DPA, SVM